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Ground Anchor Selection and Installation Chart

download chart here
(Spanish version coming soon)

Design of the Anchor Chart

The chart, presented on a durable, laminated card, indicates the maximum spacing for desired anchors for use in different wind zones and for different home designs. Installers simply need to know the HUD wind zone and the dimensions of a few features of the home, including section width, main I-beam spacing, and pier height to locate the recommended maximum anchor spacing. Spacing values vary by anchor length and home type (single or double section). The testing confirmed the view that stabilizer plates significantly improve the performance of the anchoring system, so the chart also lists recommended plate sizes for each anchor.

Instructions on using the chart are found on the back of the card along with an example, leaving little room for misinterpretation. Also included are guidelines for the installation process.

The chart is meant to augment the manufacturer's installation instructions that often are rather detailed and may run to many pages of tables, charts and explanatory text. Not surprisingly, the values on the chart may not match the values contained in the manufacturer's instructions. The chart embodies one set of engineering assumptions arrived at through careful review by the Committee and represent a consensus view. For example, only Class 4 soil is assumed in the computations supporting the chart. Individual manufacturers may use different assumptions and tailor their instructions to company-specific designs.

The authors of the chart recognized that a simplified procedure could not cover every design variation. Rather, the intent was to cover designs that represent the vast majority of new home construction. For example, the chart includes values for homes with an industry-standard roof pitch of 20 degrees or less, and pier heights up to four feet. The anchor spacing selector does not cover homes that fall outside of these boundaries.

In a few instances, the engineering analysis suggested anchor spacing values that were less than the anchor length. These values were omitted from the chart. The SBRA committee overseeing the project recognized that at such close distances between anchors there would be overlapping "cones of influence" where the same soil is being counted on to hold more than one anchor. The Committee acknowledged that the importance of the cone of influence to the performance of the anchoring system is not well understood and is an area for subsequent research. Until further study, installers are cautioned to choose another anchor size for these combinations of design conditions or to use professional assistance to engineer a site-specific solution.

The engineering analysis used in developing this chart was reviewed by T.R. Arnold & Associates, Inc., PFS Corporation and RADCO - US Department of Housing and Urban Development accepted third-party inspection agencies - and is deemed to be in conformance with the federal Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards.

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